Friday, 15 August 2014

Rhinoceros unicornis facts

Rhinoceros unicornis also called One horned Rhino of India. The Indian rhino is surviving in the north-east corner of India.

  • Kaziranga National Park, Pobitora in Marigaon district and Orang National Park in Darrang district of Assam account almost 95% of the total wild one-horned rhinos in the world.
  • Their single mounted horn, both a mystery and a product of evolution,has become the very reason of their continuous desolation. 
  • The Indian rhinoceros has thick, silver-brown skin, which becomes pinkish near the large skin folds that cover its body.
  • The rhino's single horn is present in both males and females, but not on newborn young. The black horn is pure keratin and starts to show after about six years. In most adults, the horn reaches a length of about 25 cm (9.8 in), but has been recorded up to 57.2 cm (22.5 in) in length.
  • In 2014, 2,544 of which are found in India's Assam alone, an increase by 27 percent since 2006, although in early 1900s, Assam had about 200 rhino only. 
  • The weights of captive individuals from the Basel Zoo were around 1,600 kg (3,500 lb) on average for the females and around 2,100 kg (4,600 lb) on average for the males.
  • Assam is the first state in India to issue ''shoot at sight order" for poachers. 
                                                             SAVE One horned Rhino      

Saturday, 8 February 2014

Flood facts

Flooding means the flow of unusual water from mountains,hills and slopes to a depression area.
Flood can also occur due to overflowing of dams,rivers,lakes and large scale reservoirs from a few minutes to several weeks.
  • Human sewage,industrial waste and day to day domestic waste raises the risk of water-borne diseases.
  • Flood also affect the infrastructure like roads,railway lines,telephone lines etc.   
  • Destroys the crop lands(which is the main source of income for small scale families) and leads to shortage of food both for humans and domestic animals.
  • Flood cause damage to homes made up of wood and businesses.
  • Loss of human lives,domestic animals and wild animals.
  •  Those cities and villages which are located in depression areas are mostly affected.
  • After all severe happenings now its rebuilding cost and food shortage increases the price. 
  •  Resettlement of evacuees, after the flood subsides, is another important task which will have to be accomplished by the authorities.  
 Flood preparedness generally includes:-
  •  flood forecasting
  • flood warning
  • flood fighting
  • evacuation
  • community shelter for people and
  • relief camps.
The most important aspect in flood preparedness is the timely receipt of a flood warning,which may given by flood forecasting department.

                                                         BE PREPARE